Philadelphia, known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city with a 2018 census-estimated population of 1,584,138. Because 1854, the city has had the same geographic boundaries as Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical spot, with above six million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the higher Delaware Valley, located along the reduced Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, inside the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley’s population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest mixed statistical spot in the United States.
Philadelphia is one particular of the oldest municipalities in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental part in the American Revolution as a meeting spot for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the 2nd Continental Congress, and the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. Several other essential occasions occurred in Philadelphia in the course of the Revolutionary War which includes the 1st Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, and the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia remained the nation’s largest city until currently being overtaken by New York City in 1790 the city was also one particular of the nation’s capitals in the course of the revolution, serving as temporary U.S. capital although Washington, D.C. was below construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia grew to become a main industrial center and a railroad hub. The city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland, Italy and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia grew to become a prime destination for African Americans in the course of the Wonderful Migration after the Civil War, as properly as Puerto Ricans. The city’s population doubled from one particular million to two million folks amongst 1890 and 1950.
The Philadelphia area’s a lot of universities and schools make it a prime examine destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. As of 2019, the Philadelphia metropolitan spot is estimated to generate a gross metropolitan solution (GMP) of $490 billion. Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to 5 Fortune one thousand businesses. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a industry of nearly 81,900 industrial properties in 2016, which includes many nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outside sculptures and murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when mixed with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one particular of the largest contiguous urban park locations in the United States. The city is known for its arts, culture, cuisine, philadelphia escorts and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic vacationers in 2016 who invested $six.eight billion, making an estimated $11 billion in total economic effect in the city and surrounding 4 counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has also emerged as a biotechnology hub.