New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish situated along the Mississippi River in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a major port, New Orleans is regarded an economic and industrial hub for the broader Gulf Coast area of the United States.
New Orleans is globe-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, special dialect, new orleans escorts and its yearly celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, acknowledged for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most special” in the United States, owing in large portion to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was when the territorial capital of French Louisiana prior to currently being traded to the United States in the Louisiana Obtain of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the greatest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until finally following World War II. The city’s spot and flat elevation have historically manufactured it very vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have installed a complicated technique of levees and drainage pumps in an hard work to protect the city.
New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding much more than 80% of the city, 1000’s of deaths, and so considerably displacement due to the fact of broken communities and lost housing as to result in a population decline of over 50%. Because Katrina, major redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents purchasing residence in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.